The term diesel turbo refers to any diesel engine which is fitted out with a turbo charger. Turbo charging is the modern technique of producing a higher level of power outputs with a lower emission level and improved efficiency. This is made possible by the presence of two little air fans installed inside the turbocharger which sit on the same metal shaft and spin around together. It was invented by Alfred J. Buchi, an employee of a Swiss engineer named Gebruder Sulzer in the early part of the 20th century. Turbo chargers are even better than superchargers, as far as the capacity of the charger is concerned.
Why Is Diesel Used at Such an Alarming Rate?
Diesel is the most preferred engine fuel all over the world. It is so because of their efficiency, durability and low-cost maintenance. Besides, diesel engines have a lower risk of fire hazards and require less tax than their counterparts.
Turbochargers were initially envisioned to be beneficial for the diesel engines. This is so because of the following reasons.
Installation of a turbocharger in a diesel engine makes it environment friendly. The burning of diesel oil produces lower temperatures and an extensive amount of exhaust gases creating air pollution to a great extent. Therefore, turbochargers should be installed in the diesel engines to take care of a large amount of pollution causing exhaust gases emitted by the diesel engines.
Diesel engines also have the disadvantage of producing louder noise which results in noise pollution. This can be controlled by the use of diesel turbo to reduce the noise produced by the diesel engine significantly. It is common in car and truck diesel engines that are equipped with an advanced form of turbo charger. A turbo diesel reduces the level of high fuel consumption and also loud noise, thereby suggesting high quality and smooth on-road performance.
Diesel engines are not capable of drawing as much air as gasoline engines do, which results in the production of lesser power at higher RPMs. The use of diesel turbo in a diesel engine can help you to get rid of this problem and increase the power of your diesel engine at higher RPMs.
Diesel turbo engines are cost-effective and fuel efficient. Compared to a diesel engine without turbo exerting the same amount of power, the fuel consumption of a diesel turbo engine is much lower. In this way, it saves fuel as well as costs. Turbochargers work towards a better fuel economy in this regard.
The installation space requirement of a turbocharger is smaller and lighter than that of a normal diesel engine with the same power output. Hence, occupying a very little space inside the diesel engines, it is capable of performing its tasks with utmost efficiency. The pistons and the crankshafts must be in a sturdy position to allow the diesel turbo to work smoothly. The functioning might be different for small vehicles and for large commercial vehicles.
Turbo chargers, therefore, are a pair of fans that harness waste and exhausted gases from the back of the engine to cram more air into the front by delivering more “oomph” than you would get otherwise. They are most beneficial in order to overcome the shortcomings possessed by diesel engines in general. The use of turbochargers is the best solution to this problem by which a diesel engine can harness the waste power and accelerate its speed at the same time. Hence, diesel turbo is the best possible answer to a more efficient, cheaper and environmentally friendly way of living. Most companies are now producing vehicles on road, that are equipped with turbo diesel chargers, and the overall performance of the engine is also enhanced in this manner.